Couple of things
Which printer is it, if an Epson, cheaper to buy the reman cartridges, they're only about a quid each and saves a lot of messing about.
It sounds like your print head is blocked, happens when you only have a small amount of ink in the cartridge and it gets warm (dries out), or a lot of ink in and it gets very warm (dries out).
The ink head can get blocked very easily, even the wrong ink can do it if its too thick.
Try using the head cleaning option, this usually clears the head after several attempts, but does use a lot of ink.
If that doesn't work you can try draining the ink in the cartridge and then using a cartridge cleaning solution to break down the dried up ink.
If that doesn't work, new cartridge.
Most ink is used in a printer when self cleaning or when starting up from cold, some printers are totally unsuitable for occasional use, but as long as people keep buying the carts they'll keep making them.
I always tell people that the printer itself is the cheapest part, it's the cost of cartridges that the money is made on.