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#559650 - 10th Aug 2011 2:37pm Last reading of the Riot Act *****
MissGuided Offline

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According to the BBC, the last reading of the Riot Act on mainland UK was in Glasgow on the 31 January 1919. However, we have found what we believe to be a later reading of the Riot Act.

In 1918 and 1919 the Police twice went on strike in Britain. The second strike was called to start on 1 August 1919. It was not so successful as the first with only a relatively small number of officers taking part across the country. Although a national strike had failed, the police officers of Liverpool, Bootle and Birkenhead still had a large number of local grievances and many of them supported the strike. The Home Secretary reported to Parliament on 4 August that striker numbers were 932 officers in Liverpool out of an establishment of 2,100, 106 in Birkenhead, and 63 in Bootle.

Over that weekend the authorities in the Liverpool area were very concerned that in the absence of police, civil unrest by criminal elements would break out. A call for help was sent by the Mayor to the Home Office and troops were mobilised in the area; even a battleship and two destroyers were despatched to the port.

The fears were founded. Wholesale looting began on the Saturday night, which left the remaining police on duty and special constables struggling to maintain order.

Shops were smashed and looted and goods strewn about the streets. The Times newspaper correspondent later described the area as the Ypres of Liverpool. The soldiers were called out and with bayonets fixed, they charged the crowd on several occasions. At one time even a volley of shots was discharged over the rioters heads.

The Times reported that in nearby Birkenhead the Riot Act was read out while 40 shops were wrecked and looted, and 700 soldiers assisted the police in attempting to maintain order. [1]

Once the troubles had died down there followed court cases to deal with the trouble makers, none of whom faced the charge of a statutory felony which carried the death penalty for which the Act provided.

The Act was repealed in Britain in 1973.


[1] The Times, Monday, August 04, 1919

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#559662 - 10th Aug 2011 2:54pm Re: Last reading of the Riot Act [Re: MissGuided]
ojoe55 Offline
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Registered: 22nd Mar 2011
Posts: 71
Loc: wirral
The Riot Act should be put back on the statute books, in order to prevent total anarchy on our streets

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#559860 - 10th Aug 2011 7:16pm Re: Last reading of the Riot Act [Re: MissGuided]
Historybook Offline
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Registered: 20th Dec 2008
Posts: 190
Loc: Wrexham
I seem to remember being told that the riot act was read in Neston once but god knows when that was !.

Interesting post by the way.

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#563093 - 16th Aug 2011 1:15pm Re: Last reading of the Riot Act [Re: Historybook]
gemgem87 Offline

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Registered: 10th Jan 2009
Posts: 165
Loc: Wallasey
So judging from that post am I right in thinking the last place the Riot Act was read in England was in Birkenhead in August 1919??

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