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#301769 - 18th Mar 2009 6:21pm The First Picture Show *****
uptoncx Offline
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Registered: 24th May 2008
Posts: 683
Loc: Wirral
As has been mentioned in other threads, the first ‘movie’ show in Birkenhead, using pictures projected onto a screen as opposed to the ‘peephole’ Kinetoscope and Mutoscope, was in the Argyle Theatre on Monday, 9th November 1896. It is likely that an Edison Vitascope projector was used for this. The Vitascope had been developed by Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat in 1895, and on April 23, 1896, the Vitascope made its debut at Koster & Bial's Music Hall in Herald Square, New York City.



In 1896 the Argyle Theatre had only gas lighting, so to power the projector it was necessary to lay electric cables through the streets of Birkenhead. The film show lasted just 5 minutes and was supported by live entertainment.

The projector was placed on the stage and the pictures were projected onto a sheet hung in the auditorium, which must have made it difficult for some of the audience to see the film.

Entrance prices ranged from £1-0-1 for a private box to 6d for a seat on the balcony. Amongst the films shown during that first week were titles such as “Railway Train Arriving at Woodside Station”, “English Cavalry in Aldershot” and “Teasing the Gardener in Birkenhead Park”.



The event was an enormous success, the Birkenhead Advertiser reported:

The unusual attractions held out to his patrons by Manager Mr Clarke, drew to his cosy hall on Monday and last evening, audiences that filled the hall from floor to roof.

The Monday performance is believed to be the first public showing outside London.

By July 1897, the theatre was using Vitagraph equipment, this was a modified Vitascope projector developed by J. Stuart Blackton and Albert Edward Smith.

By 1912 the Argyle had acquired a Kinemacolor Projector and was advertising films in ‘natural colour’ as opposed to hand tinted films.

The Kinemacolor process was developed by George Albert Smith, and Charles Urban, it worked by recording colour information on black and white film stock. The camera was fitted with a filter wheel in front of the lens, alternate frames were filmed through red and green filters. The projector had a similar filter wheel. The 35mm film ran at 32 frames per second, twice the speed of normal film.

The Kinemacolor projector from the Argyle still exists, although in modified form. When the remains of the theatre were demolished in 1972, the projector was presented to the Williamson Art Gallery and Museum by Mr Gerald Clark.

The projector is number 19 and was manufactured in 1910, two years after the process was first demonstrated.

In 2008, to celebrate the centenary of Kinemacolor, David Cleveland, former Director of the East Anglian Film Archive and Brian Pritchard started a project to show Kinemacolor films using an original projector. The Williamson were prepared to lend them the Argyle projector, as long as any modifications made could be removed so that it could be returned it to its original museum condition.



The Argyle projector had, at some time, been converted to show black and white films (probably about 1916) so the filter wheel and various other parts had to be re-manufactured to restore the projector to working condition. It was also necessary to replace the old carbon arc lamp with a modern light source.



The restoration was completed, and a selection of films was shown at the British Film Institute National Archives at Berkhamsted on 25th February 2008, one day before the centenary of the first public performance.




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#301771 - 18th Mar 2009 6:28pm Re: The First Picture Show [Re: uptoncx]
DanLongman Offline
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Registered: 14th Mar 2009
Posts: 154
Loc: Merseyside
How interesting! Thanks for sharing

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#301772 - 18th Mar 2009 6:29pm Re: The First Picture Show [Re: uptoncx]
bert1 Offline

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Registered: 27th Nov 2008
Posts: 7864
Loc: tranmere
Excellent upton
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God help us,
Come yourself,
Don't send Jesus,
This is no place for children.


Bertieone.

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#301773 - 18th Mar 2009 6:36pm Re: The First Picture Show [Re: bert1]
TRANCENTRAL Offline

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Registered: 10th Apr 2008
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nice one!
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Please do not adjust your mind, there is a slight problem with reality. #backscovered

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#301774 - 18th Mar 2009 6:37pm Re: The First Picture Show [Re: bert1]
_Ste_ Offline


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Registered: 7th Aug 2005
Posts: 15988
Loc: New Brighton
Upton, once again a great post, thankyou happy
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#301830 - 18th Mar 2009 9:39pm Re: The First Picture Show [Re: _Ste_]
uptoncx Offline
Veteran

Registered: 24th May 2008
Posts: 683
Loc: Wirral
Just as a postscript, which could be entitled:

The Last Picture Show

How many people know that some years ago a cinema was installed in the Wirral Museum? Until last Saturday I certainly didn’t.

The cinema was built into the assembly rooms and has two fifty year old Westar 35mm Projectors, as well as modern equipment for 16mm, DVD and sound. It was built when the then curator wanted a period cinema in the museum. The Westar projectors are on loan from the Projected Picture Trust.

I’m sure most of those who visited the Wirral History Fair last Saturday will have seen the cramped projection room housed in the former caretaker’s flat.



Why the last picture show? because although they have a modern ‘cakestand’ to show spliced through films, most of the films are only shown once, so the ‘old fashioned way’ using normal spools of film and switching between projectors is normally used. I Imagine that this is probably the last cinema in Wirral able to show films in this way (modern cinemas only have a single projector). The cinema will close in December.




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