Firm 'sold workers' secret data'
A company that allegedly sold workers' personal details, including union activities, to building firms is to be prosecuted by the information watchdog.
The Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) said the Consulting Association, in Droitwich, had committed a "serious breach" of the Data Protection Act.
The ICO said a secret system had been run for over 15 years to enable firms to unlawfully vet job applicants.
Unions have called on the government to outlaw "blacklisting" practices.
Around 40 construction companies who subscribed to the scheme would send lists of potential employees to The Consulting Association, who would then warn them about potential troublemakers.
Some of the notes uncovered by an ICO's raid on the association's offices included descriptions such as "ex-shop steward, definite problems", "Irish ex-Army, bad egg".
Other notes related to workers who had raised concerns over health and safety issues on sites, such as asbestos removal.
The owner of the Consulting Association - which is now believed to have ceased trading - faces prosecution and a £5,000 fine if found guilty of breaching the Data Protection Act.
The act outlaws the collection and distribution of secret information on individuals without their knowledge.
Deputy Information David Smith said the company should have registered itself with the ICO and therefore qualified for a "clear prosecution" under the act.
He said he was also deeply disappointed that firms he described as "household names" had been involved in an allegedly illegal system for many years.
He said they would be issued with a legal order not to repeat the offence, and if they breached it they too would face prosecution.
"You would have thought they would have go the data protection message by now," he said.
The firms include well-known construction companies such as Taylor Woodrow, Laing O'Rourke and Balfour Beatty.
Balfour Beatty said it would co-operate with the ICO investigation, and that it did not condone the use of black lists "in any circumstances.".
Other companies either said they would conduct their own investigation, or had "inherited" their links with the Consulting Association from previous firms they had taken over.
The Consulting Association was unavailable for comment.
One worker told the BBC he believed he was on the alleged blacklist, because he had found it hard to get work ever since winning a case for unfair dismissal in 2000.
He said that even though he and fellow workers won their case, and then defeated the firm again on appeal, he had suffered as a result.
"Prior to 2000 I could get work on the most prestigious of contracts, but since then not a single agency has called to offer work," he said.
He said that he had been sacked from three different jobs, and had lost "a couple of hundred thousand pounds" in missed work.
"Even though I was the victim, they [the companies] have punished me ever since," he said.
Business Secretary Lord Mandelson said he was "sorry the practices have taken place" and welcomed the intervention of the information commissioner.
"He will need to look into this further to see whether these practices are more widespread and take the appropriate action, as he's already done in this case," the minister added.
Not only was the database held without the workers' consent, but the existence of it was repeatedly denied.
Following the raid on 23 February, investigators discovered that the Consulting Association's database contained the details of some 3,213 workers, the ICO said.
Data included information concerning personal relationships, trade union activity and employment History
, it added.
Employers paid £3,000 as an annual fee, and £2.20 for individual details, the ICO said. Invoices to construction firms for up to £7,500 were also seized during the raid.
The ICO's revelations led to calls for the government to bring forward anti-blacklisting regulations prepared but they were never introduced.
Alan Ritchie, general secretary of the building workers' union Ucatt, said: "Blacklisting remains rampant in the 21st century.
"We will be writing to the government immediately, demanding that they bring forward the existing regulations and introduce them into law immediately. It is the only way to protect the rights of trade union members."
Labour MP John McDonnell said: "This latest expose of blacklisting demonstrates that blacklisting is still rampant in some industries.
"The government must act swiftly now to outlaw blacklisting once and for all.
"It is widely suspected that the government caved in under pressure from employers' organisations when I raised this issue last time in Parliament.
"This new evidence demonstrates that the government needs to act, and act now, to prevent this discrimination that can blight the lives of many workers." THE BBC