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#910506 - 14th Nov 2014 11:59pm Magnetic Seacombe
ZipperClub Offline
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I just found this item, the last sentence is interesting.

Seacombe

SEACOMBE, with Poolton, a township, in the parish of Wallasey, union, and Lower division of the hundred, of Wirrall, S. division of the county of Chester, ¾ of a mile (W. by N.), by ferry, from Liverpool; containing 2446 inhabitants. This township is bounded on the east by the river Mersey, on the north by Liscard, and on the south by Wallasey Pool; and comprises 669a. 23p., mostly arable and pasture land, and chiefly of a clay soil. Being situated opposite to Liverpool (to which a steam-boat plies every half hour), there is a fine view of that town and its vicinity; while in another direction are seen the Cheshire hills and the Welsh mountains. The village is situated on Wallasey Pool, and overlooks Oxton hill, Birkenhead, &c.; it is remarkable for the salubrity of its air. Much land has been reclaimed in the township, by the Birkenhead Dock Commissioners.

Here are very extensive works of various kinds. The Seacombe Copper and Patent-Metal Mills (the latter carried on under a patent formerly belonging to G. F. Muntz, Esq.) were established in 1836, by Messrs. John Bibby and Sons, of Liverpool, and Messrs. Sims, Willyams, and Company, of London. These mills employ between eighty and ninety hands in making sheathing for ships' bottoms, braziery sheets, locomotive plates, sugar-pans, air-pumps, rods, and all kinds of hammered and flat work. They are worked by two engines of the united power of 130 horses; are supplied with fresh water from artesian wells 22 yards deep; and being conveniently situated on the bank of Wallasey Pool, vessels can always come up to the quay with the materials brought from the company's works at St. Helen's and in Wales. About 1600 tons of manufactured copper and patent metal are issued hence yearly for home consumption, and for exportation to Calcutta, Bombay, Boston, New York, and most parts of the world. The Seacombe Smalt-Works are in the occupation of Mr. Mawdesley and Messrs. Mawdesley and Smith. The manufacture was first established here, though on a much smaller scale, about forty years ago, by Messrs. Home and Stackhouse, merchants of Liverpool. It was afterwards continued by a company called the Seacombe Company; next by a Mr. Craven; and more recently by Messrs. Rawlins and Mawdesley, in whose hands the manufacture of the article in this country may be said to have first succeeded. A foundry is also carried on.

At the eastern extremity of the township is the station of the ancient ferry, with a large hotel. The ferry, which is the property of R. Smith, Esq., the reputed lord of the manor, has a good supply of steam-boats; and the hotel is furnished with a bowling-green, a billiard-room, and every accommodation. The rapid tide occasioned by the inlet of Wallasey Pool, rendered the landing inconvenient until the erection of a stage, of a very uncommon construction, worked by means of a moveable steam-engine, upon a tramway. To the south of the ferry, a row of pleasant houses now faces the Mersey, and the shore is crested with elegant residences. Henry Winch, Esq., a magistrate of the county, resides here; and the Rev. James Mainwaring, M.A., of Bromborough Hall, is a large proprietor in the township. Poolton village, which lies a mile up Wallasey Pool, from its situation in a small cove bordered with flourishing trees, and the rural simplicity of its houses, forms a pleasing contrast to the activity and bustle prevailing at the ferry.

A church, dedicated to St. Paul, was erected by subscription, at a cost of £1800, from designs by Mr. John Hay, of Liverpool, and consecrated in 1847. It stands at the intersection of four new roads, about 500 yards from the Seacombe hotel; and is in the early English style, with a tower surmounted by an ornamented spire. Though not remarkable for elaborate decoration, it is of admirable proportions, which are strictly maintained throughout the entire building; the open roof is at once eminently scientific and extremely simple. Seats are provided for about 500 persons, on low benches, all invidious distinction between those that are free and those appropriated being avoided. The living is a perpetual curacy, endowed with the interest of £1000; patrons, the Rector of Wallasey (who had the first presentation), Mr. Winch, and three other Trustees. The tithes of the township have been commuted for £137, equally divided between the rector of the parish and the Rev. W. Armitstead. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans; also an infants' school; and a dispensary, and some minor institutions, have been established. Iserene, with magnetic sand, prominently noticed by Dr. Trail, late of Liverpool, is to be seen along the coast from Seacombe Point to the Rock lighthouse, oozing from under the bed of clay, and streaking the shoresand black: the magnetic sand is easily attracted by the magnet.
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#910507 - 15th Nov 2014 12:12am Re: Magnetic Seacombe [Re: ZipperClub]
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And Liscard..

LISCARD, a township, in the parish of Wallasey, union, and Lower division of the hundred, of Wirrall, S. division of the county of Chester, 3 miles (N. by W.) from Birkenhead; containing, in 1841, 2873 inhabitants. In the reign of Edward I., the manor was held under the barons of Halton by Richard de Aston; it afterwards passed to the family of Meolse, the last of whom of the male line, in 1739, bequeathed the property to the Houghs. In 1804, it was sold by the executors of that family to the late John Penketh, Esq.; and by the marriage of his daughter and heiress with John Dennil Maddock, Esq., the manor has become vested in that gentleman. Some years ago this township presented an almost barren waste, large heaps of sand lying in many parts, and there being only a village, with a few small hovels the abode of fishermen, and a range of low cottages used for a magazine. An extensive and rapid change has, however, been effected; several settlements have been made, and labour and enterprise have succeeded in fertilizing and enriching a district for which nature seemed to have done so little. The shore for a great distance is now studded with elegant houses, and even among the sand-hills many spots have been chosen for villas, which are the residences of opulent families from Liverpool.

New Brighton, in the township, has sprung up since 1830. In that year the late James Atherton, Esq., conceived the design of founding a watering-place at the north-east angle of the township, and in furtherance of his plan purchased 180 acres of ground in that quarter, where the convex form of the coast, presenting one front to the Mersey and another to the open sea, appeared well adapted to the purposes of a marine village. Here streets fifteen yards in width, and nearly a mile in extent, now ascend from both shores, and intersect each other at right angles; the whole being laid out on a regular and symmetrical plan, with a pier having the requisite landing-stages, an hotel and other accommodation for visiters, hot and cold baths, &c., and, in short, every convenience for either permanent or temporary residence. The erection of buildings continues on every side, many of them being highly ornamental and elegant; and the village promises to be, at no distant day, one of the most fashionable watering-places in this part of the kingdom. The hamlet of Egremont is also in the township, and on the Mersey, nearly opposite to Liverpool, from which it is distant one mile and a half; it contains several handsome dwellings, hotels, and lodging-houses, and is likewise a favourite and genteel bathing-place. Near this hamlet is the magazine where all ships entering the port of Liverpool deposit their gunpowder, prior to admission into the docks. Steam-boats ply every half hour from New Brighton and Egremont to Liverpool.

Liscard comprises 896a. 2r. 33p., of which the soil is sand and clay: 131 acres are the property of Mr. Maddock. A church, dedicated to St. John, and in the Grecian style of architecture, was erected at Egremont in 1833, at a cost of £10,000: the living is a perpetual curacy, with an income of £200, and in the patronage of Trustees. The tithes of the township have been commuted for £115, equally divided between the rector of Wallasey and the lessee of the Bishop of Chester. There are places of worship for Independents and Primitive Methodists; and a Roman Catholic chapel (St. Alban's), built in 1842: the Rev. Ambrose Lennon is the priest.—See Brighton, New.
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#910508 - 15th Nov 2014 12:17am Re: Magnetic Seacombe [Re: ZipperClub]
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Wallasey (St. Hilary)

WALLASEY (St. Hilary), a parish, in the union, and Lower division of the hundred, of Wirrall, S. division of the county of Chester; containing, with the villages of Egremont and New Brighton, the township of Seacombe with Poolton, and the township of Liscard, 6261 inhabitants, of whom 942 are in Wallasey township. This parish, situated in the north-west corner of the county, is a peninsula of triangular form, bounded on the west by the Irish Sea, on the north-east by the Mersey, and on the south-east by a branch of the Mersey, called Wallasey Pool or the new Birkenhead Float. Bordering on the sea are sand-hills, forming a natural barrier against its encroachments. Many handsome houses and marine villas have been erected on the banks of the Mersey, and the villages near the river are much frequented for bathing. An act was passed in 1845 for paving, lighting, and otherwise improving the parish, and for establishing a market. By the sea side is an ancient mansion denominated Mockbeggar Hall, or more properly, Leasowe Castle, formerly a seat of the Egertons. The building originally consisted only of an octagonal tower, with square turrets on the alternate faces; in 1818 great additions were made to it, and many alterations since, so that the castle is now of considerable extent. It is a decorative stone structure containing several handsome apartments, among which is one fitted up with the oak panelling that covered the walls of the celebrated Star Chamber at Westminster, and which was purchased on the demolition of the old Exchequer Buildings, in 1836. Between the village and the shore is the inclosure (formerly a common) named the Leasowe, where races, of very early origin, were held till 1760; here the unfortunate Duke of Monmouth ran his horse, in the reign of Charles II., won the plate, and presented it to the daughter of the mayor of Chester. The parish comprises 3276 acres, whereof 3015 are in cultivation, and the remainder sand-hills, which are now designed for building-plots: 1789 acres are in Wallasey township. The soil varies from stiff marl to sand; the general surface is flat, and there are some quarries of sandstone. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at £11. 0. 2½.; net income, £393; patron, the Bishop of Chester. A tithe rent-charge of £230 is paid to the bishop, and one of like amount to the rector, who has 30 acres of glebe. The church, rebuilt about 90 years since, except the tower, which bears date 1560, stands in the centre of the parish, on a hill composed of red-sandstone: it was enlarged in 1837. There were two other churches prior to the Dissolution, appropriated to Birkenhead Abbey, but no traces exist of them, though a path is still called the Kirkway. A school is endowed with land producing £90 per annum. Near the rectory-house, under an ash-tree, is a very large and curious bed of muscle-shells. At Egremont and Seacombe are separate incumbencies, of recent creation.
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#910509 - 15th Nov 2014 12:22am Re: Magnetic Seacombe [Re: ZipperClub]
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Last sentence interesting..

Brighton, New

BRIGHTON, NEW, a bathing-place, in the parish of Wallasey, union, and Lower division of the hundred, of Wirrall, S. division of the county of Chester, 3 miles (N. W. by N.) from Liverpool. It forms the north-east corner of the peninsula of Wirrall, being bounded by the river Mersey on the east, and on the north by the Irish Sea; and comprises 180 acres, of undulated surface, and hilly in some parts, the whole laid out in roads, and studded with mansions, many of them of much architectural beauty. The striking features of the locality have been taken advantage of in constructing a series of marine villas, which, rising one above another, have a most picturesque effect as seen from a distance. Spacious streets, fifteen yards wide, have been formed: several excellent hotels and boarding-houses have been built; and the accommodation which the place affords, the salubrity of its air, and the convenience of bathing, have made it the residence of eminent merchants, and the resort of visiters generally of the wealthy classes. The sandy beach is very smooth, dry, and firm; and the water on the shore, beautifully pellucid. From the higher grounds are extensive views of the Welsh mountains, the opposite port of Liverpool, and the shipping on the Mersey. A reservoir has been constructed for supplying the inhabitants with water, and on the shore is a spring of fine fresh water, which, though covered over by the tide, is perfectly pure when the sea retires. Upon the Black rock, where the Mersey enters the Irish Channel, is a very strong fort, mounting fifteen large guns, and approached from the main land by a drawbridge; and further off the shore is a small lighthouse, on the plan of the Eddystone, built of Anglesey marble at a cost of £34,500, defrayed by the corporation of Liverpool: it rises ninety feet, and is completely surrounded at high tides, like the fort, by the water. Steamers run to and from Liverpool every hour. A site and £500 have been offered for building a church, and plans are in progress for its erection. The masses of sandstone near the Black rock, called the Red and Yellow Noses, well merit the attention of the naturalist, being worn by the action of the sea into a variety of caverns of the most romantic forms; a tunnel has been cut through one of them from the beach, forming a private entrance up to Cliffe Villa.
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#910510 - 15th Nov 2014 12:27am Re: Magnetic Seacombe [Re: ZipperClub]
ZipperClub Offline
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Registered: 2nd Dec 2012
Posts: 7253
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Here is the link for Birkenhead one, to big to cut and paste.
Use the search at the top of the page to find other parts of the country.

http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50801&strquery=birkenhead#s30


Edited by ZipperClub (15th Nov 2014 12:28am)
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#910532 - 15th Nov 2014 10:15am Re: Magnetic Seacombe [Re: ZipperClub]
Moonstar Offline

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Registered: 2nd Jul 2011
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Fascinating Zipper - thanks for taking the trouble.

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#910564 - 15th Nov 2014 12:56pm Re: Magnetic Seacombe [Re: ZipperClub]
buddy Online   content
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Registered: 18th Sep 2008
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Loc: South Wirral
Interesting posts Zipper - thanks for sharing

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#910696 - 16th Nov 2014 6:57am Re: Magnetic Seacombe [Re: ZipperClub]
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Registered: 16th Jun 2009
Posts: 1024
Loc: Wirral
Nice information I love reading local History, the spring is still working and the water is nice, once you clear the salt water and sand, I had some with the day we waited for the viking boat to in.

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