WikiWirral Wirral's Biggest Online Forum
Forum Stats
12185 Members
65 Forums
72613 Topics
978486 Posts
50 posts in the last 24hrs
Max Online: 7831 @ 8th Apr 2013 4:18pm
Who's Online - Click Me
90 registered (11kendo, 13 invisible), 1578 Guests and 178 Spiders online.
Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Social Media : Follow Us


(Views 7days)This Weeks Most Read
Secretive mega shake-up of NHS could cost 15 mil 708
Trump 593
Parking Charges 536
Found a mobile phone 14/01/2017 WALLASEY 425
Paypal help 413
RAC ,AA v Breakdown Recovery 354
When we live to be a 100 yrs old 337
Best Price for Scarpping my car 324
Question Time 315
Lost Mobile Phone 305
New General Forums
Test on old english words
by derekdwc
20th Jan 2017 8:02pm
Jets
by cools
20th Jan 2017 12:14pm
The Scouse Accent
by palemoon
18th Jan 2017 7:49pm
birthday wishes
by sunnyside
18th Jan 2017 12:48pm
New Wirral History
753 Sea Horse, Unit 9, Wallasey Waterfront
by Norton
18th Jan 2017 9:07pm
What was County Hall, Abbey Street, Birkenhead?
by yoller
15th Jan 2017 1:28pm
752 The Old Manor Club, Withens Lane, Liscard
by Norton
13th Jan 2017 2:20pm
751 Plough Inn, Mount Pleasant Rd, New Brighton
by Norton
13th Jan 2017 1:38pm
351 Prince Alfred 30 Tunnel Road 30 30 to 32
by yoller
8th Jan 2017 7:18pm
Forum Tips
Photo Gallery Forums
fireworks on the Mersey last night
Hadlow train station
Topic Replies
Something to get a drone off a roof!
by Beethoven
Today at 12:10 AM
Paper Recycling. ?
by spinner1
Yesterday at 11:51 PM
Brides Flown In
by granny
Yesterday at 11:16 PM
Trump
by venice
Yesterday at 10:00 PM
Parking Charges
by Excoriator
Yesterday at 08:06 PM
Tasering Again
by fish5133
Yesterday at 06:51 PM
Animal Cruelty in the Film Industry
by fish5133
Yesterday at 06:25 PM
SwissGear suitcase only used once
by Beethoven
Yesterday at 05:39 PM
Melamine faced chipboard ( Walnut or Oak )
by venice
Yesterday at 02:38 PM
January
M Tu W Th F Sa Su
1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31
Recent Posts : What's On ?
Indian/Jazz fusion music Liverpool
by buddy
17th Jan 2017 9:46am
Chinese New Year Liverpool
by paxvobiscum
15th Jan 2017 11:08am
Topic Options
Rate This Topic
#175390 - 29th Sep 2007 10:26pm One O'clock Gun
BMW Joe Offline
Wiki Master

Registered: 30th Apr 2006
Posts: 12369
Loc: Birkenhead
AFAIK, this is the old 1 oclock gun at Morpeth Dock.

Originally Posted By: Wikipedia
The One O'Clock Gun provided a time signal to shipping on the Mersey.
It was fired electrically from Bidston Observatory for the first time on 21st September 1867 and the original cannon was a relic of the Crimean War.

During the Second World War firing was temporarily suspended, ceasing altogether on 18th July 1969.


More Info On The 1 O'Clock Gun

Quote:
Liverpool Observatory was built at Waterloo Dock, Liverpool in 1845 and one of its objectives was to establish Greenwich time and to indicate it each day to the citizens of the Port of Liverpool. Eventually many towns and cities developed their own time ball systems, but it was particularly important for maritime ports to have a precise time signal. Chronometers on board ship had to be exact in order for the ships position to be accurately known.

John Hartnup at the Liverpool Observatory determined sidereal time from the stars by means of the transit telescope situated in one of the domes on the Observatory roof. A sidereal clock at the Observatory kept sidereal time, and solar time was calculated from it. A time ball was fitted to the outside wall of the Observatory and was dropped each day at exactly one o'clock so that the citizens and mariners could check their timepieces. A time ball is a sphere, which slides up and down a vertical mast and can be abruptly dropped at an appointed hour. It was similar in all respects to that used at Greenwich and also at Portsmouth, which were also dropped at one o'clock.

In 1856 the Magnetic Telegraph Company laid down wires from the Observatory clock to the clock in the Exchange Buildings. This clock was a Henley's Electro-magnetic clock, which had a large dial, which was easily seen from Exchange Flags. The second hands of the Observatory and Henley's clocks moved simultaneously, being connected electrically. This service was not only for chronometer makers and owners, but also for the general public. In 1857 the Town Hall clock, approximately a mile from the Observatory was also connected to the Observatory. In 1860 the clock in Victoria Tower, which had six dials eight feet in diameter, was also connected to the system. A time ball was fitted to this clock and was visible from the river. Chronometer makers and mariners could be seen assembling around the both points in Liverpool to check their instruments as the time balls fell at exactly one o'clock. As a further service to mariners the staff of Liverpool Observatory also rated and checked ships' chronometers over various temperatures.

When the dock was redeveloped, a new Observatory was built on the top of Bidston Hill in Wirral in 1866, some three miles across the River Mersey. Accurate time still needed to be indicated to the people of Liverpool, but, due to the distance of the new Observatory, it now had to be with the aid of an audible signal. The staff continued to observe the passage of the stars with the aid of the transit telescope, which was situated, in the eastern dome of the Observatory, thus determining time.

A cannon at Morpeth Dock, Birkenhead was fired remotely from Bidston Observatory at one o'clock each working day, triggered electrically by a specially adapted Robert Molyneux clock. On the dockside, the cannon, a relic of the Crimean wars, was loaded, and at 12.30pm each working day a member of staff tested the connection between the clock at the Observatory and the cannon. At one second to one o'clock the switch would be thrown at the Observatory, the firing being triggered by the next swing of the clock's pendulum. On clear days the flash could be spotted from across the Mersey.

This service was performed from 1867 until July 18th 1969, apart from a break during the Second World War. An extra firing heralded the start of the 20th century. An attempt was made to scrap the time signal in 1932, partly because it was no longer necessary, due to the advent of radio, but also because of the cost of maintenance of the gun, said to be approximately one hundred pounds a year. There was a public outcry at the prospect of the ending of this tradition, so the War Office provided a new cannon, a 32 pounder from Woolwich Arsenal, which arrived on April 26th 1933. The old cannon was on display in the grounds of Bidston Observatory for many years.

In 1946, after a wartime silence of six and a half years, this cannon was then replaced by a third gun, a six pounder naval anti-aircraft Hotchkiss gun, and on June 17th the old familiar sound once more reverberated across the River Mersey.

In 1969 Bidston Observatory became a component body of the Natural Environment Research Council, concentrating on oceanographic research, and it was decided to discontinue the tradition of firing the One O'clock Gun on the grounds of efficiency.

One of the earlier cannons is now at the Maritime Museum, Liverpool. The transit telescope is now in the Liverpool Museum. The clock used for the firing of the One O'Clock Gun remains on display at the Observatory (now known as the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory).


Attachments: Viewing Permissions May Apply. Click Me
gunold.jpg

gunfire.jpg



Top
Wirral History Advertising
Click me for more Information......

WikiWirral Numbers : Between 150 and 200 New Members Every Month. With Over 3,500 unique visits and 35,000 Page Views each day. Average +500 Search Engines Daily and over 1,000,000 Million Page views a Month. Advertising from 20 . Click Me
#175527 - 30th Sep 2007 4:43am Re: One O'clock Gun [Re: BMW Joe]
MattLFC Offline
Wiki Master

Registered: 14th Aug 2004
Posts: 22315
Loc: Moreton/Beirut/Mobile
Good find Joe matey, it looks almost like its the very same gun??

I never knew about that, how did you find out about it?

smile




Top
#175545 - 30th Sep 2007 11:00am Re: One O'clock Gun [Re: MattLFC]
BMW Joe Offline
Wiki Master

Registered: 30th Apr 2006
Posts: 12369
Loc: Birkenhead
I dunno, just over time, heard and found out about the 1 o'clock gun, prolly researched into on the internet and read more, and I just remembered it when I saw the photos, but forgot all the info, so looked it back up on google and got that site with them photos wink
_________________________
Autowirral.co.uk - The Northwest's Biggest forum of Motoring Enthusiasts.
Cruisewirral.com - The Northwest's Biggest forum of Modified Car Enthusiasts.

Top
#248431 - 15th Aug 2008 12:31am Re: One O'clock Gun [Re: BMW Joe]
oxtonmac Online   content
Enthusiast

Registered: 9th Aug 2008
Posts: 105
Loc: wirral
the Pub on the ford estate (beechwood) was named after it and had a replica cannon on the flat roof .

The Pub is still there but dont know if the cannon is .

Another fact the Pub is sitting on the site of an old pond I use to play by never knew if it had a name but remember something mentioned about "threesisters" ponds on the noctorum
Anyone?

Top

Moderator:  Mark 
Random Wirral Images

Click to View Topic.
Newest Topics
Animal Cruelty in the Film Industry
by granny
20th Jan 2017 12:00pm
Question Time
by derekdwc
19th Jan 2017 11:27pm
Sanctuary awaits 5 bears
by venice
19th Jan 2017 6:25pm
Parking Charges
by diggingdeeper
19th Jan 2017 3:01pm
Kitten found Arrowe park car park
by Greenwood
19th Jan 2017 2:42pm
For Sale & Free
Something to get a drone off a roof!
by TheComputerLab
Yesterday at 04:56 PM
PC Monitor
by organiser
Yesterday at 01:16 PM
SwissGear suitcase only used once
by newbrightonmole
20th Jan 2017 8:54pm
Melamine faced chipboard ( Walnut or Oak )
by Reno37
20th Jan 2017 11:36am
Wanted freezer kit
by dodie
18th Jan 2017 9:58pm
Featured Member
Registered: 27th Jun 2010
Posts: 65
Newest Members
Glenburn63, Branco, Smudge22, Collette63, shellylou
12185 Registered Users
Today's Birthdays
No Birthdays
New Wirral Info
Paper Recycling. ?
by fish5133
19th Jan 2017 11:16am
Paypal help
by venice
17th Jan 2017 8:59pm
Brown Bin Collections Restarting Today 17th Jan
by fish5133
17th Jan 2017 9:04am
Indian/Jazz fusion music Liverpool
by paxvobiscum
15th Jan 2017 11:19am
Chinese New Year Liverpool
by paxvobiscum
15th Jan 2017 11:08am
News : New Topics
Brides Flown In
by granny
Yesterday at 11:16 PM
Tasering Again
by diggingdeeper
20th Jan 2017 6:14pm
Trump
by cools
20th Jan 2017 4:16pm
Nuns Abused Children in Care Homes.
by granny
20th Jan 2017 12:13pm
Parking Charges
by diggingdeeper
19th Jan 2017 3:01pm
New Enthusiast Forums
Animal Cruelty in the Film Industry
by granny
20th Jan 2017 12:00pm
Question Time
by derekdwc
19th Jan 2017 11:27pm
Sanctuary awaits 5 bears
by venice
19th Jan 2017 6:25pm
Kitten found Arrowe park car park
by Greenwood
19th Jan 2017 2:42pm
Puppy wanted good careing home offered
by chris7777
19th Jan 2017 9:07am
(Views 24hrs)Trending Newest Topics
Something to get a drone off a roof! 144
PC Monitor 63
Brides Flown In 28
Wirral Sunrise Sunset
Sunrise Sun 8:11am
Sunset Sun 4:36pm
Local Time Sun 3:32am
WikiWirral Can . . . .
Advertising Click me
To Advertise with
Wikiwirral Click Me